Here is the beginning of a life!
One sperm cell enters the oocyte without even looking at its size. Then, at the end of 40 weeks, your baby, the miracle of nature, is born. What a tremendous event, isn’t it?
Parents who have babies for the first time admire the image of their newborn baby. The shape and size of the baby’s head, skin color, smoothness of the skin, hands like “cotton” etc. Others, like their mothers and fathers, can’t keep their eyes on the baby.
They are right.
Let’s look closely at a newborn baby at term.
A normal infant weighs between 3000 and 3500 grams and has an average height of 50 centimeters. Shoulders are narrow, belly is dislocated. The hip part is also narrow. The arms and legs are relatively short and stop as they are pulled toward the body.
The newborn baby’s head is relatively larger than the body. In the first days after birth, the shape of the baby’s head may be prolonged or asymmetrical. The reason for this is that the baby’s head bones try to fit into each other in order to enter the narrow canal while passing through the birth canal. This is called molding. In a few days it will turn round. Again, a swelling in the scalp can be seen. This is part of the molding process.
When born in babies, there are two soft areas in their skulls. Because of the fact that there is no bone beneath the finger, it is very important for the development of the skull. There is a larger rectangular fontanel that is located just above the forehead and a larger quadrangular shape, and a smaller triangular small fontanel located behind the head. Small fontanel usually closes between 2-6 months, and large fontanel closes at 18 months of age and disappears. The membrane covering the fontanels is very thick and durable. So washing your baby’s head and getting dry does not harm the baby.
- Front fontanel
2. Rear fontanel
4. Parietal Bone
5. “Sutura sagittalis” formed by the combination of parietal bones
6. Back bone
Some babies are born with quite hair and some babies are born with almost no hair. The silky slim body hair called lanugo in the body can be found widely on the back, shoulders, forehead, ears and face. Features are more than lanugo in premature. Lanugo hairs disappear in the first few weeks.
Light-skinned babies usually have a gray-blue eye color, while dark-skinned babies have brown or dark gray eyes. If eye color changes, this usually happens at 6 months.
Newborn babies’ lachrymal does not work fully, so when they cry until the third week, their eyes may not age.
When you are first born, your baby’s color is covered with gray-blue, wet, blood and varnish. As soon as your baby begins to breathe, the color first turns pink into the face and body, and soon the hands and feet become pink.
In the skin of light-skinned babies, faded areas can be found together. This is completely normal and after a few weeks the baby’s color is homogeneous.
In your baby’s skin, sweats and swollen skins cause white dots in the nose, cheeks and jaw, which are bulky. Within a few weeks, when these glands begin to work, these spots are eliminated. It is unnecessary to clean these spots.
The skin on the wrists, hands, elbows and feet of babies is easily stripped off. This is especially evident in infants who were born with a maternal transition. This is completely normal and does not require treatment.
Vernix caseosa (vernix) is a white, creamy substance that is intensely found in the curved areas of your baby’s body.
This substance protects your baby’s skin during the prenatal period and shows this protective effect after birth.
Instead of washing your body out of your baby’s body, clear the whole body.
You can see red dots on your baby’s body by pressing large and small. These are nothing more than superficial vein tangles on the baby’s skin. It is more common especially at the back of the neck, eyelids, nose and forehead. These points become more pronounced when your baby cries. Until the ninth month most of them are lost, especially the ones in the neck may be longer.
Dark pigmented areas, called Mongol blots, can be seen especially in dolls and hips. The dark blue-black color of these stains as if it gives the impression of a rotten.
Your baby will gradually shrink and disappear until he is four years old.
The effects of hormones from the mother may be evident in the breasts of both boys and girls. Some babies may even have a small amount of milk flow through their nipples. This is completely normal and does not require treatment. Never squeeze the nipples when milk comes from your breasts, as infection may occur. This situation disappears spontaneously within a few days.
Your baby’s umbilical cord is a blue-white color structure. After cutting, there is a part of 4-5 centimeters. Immediately after birth, the intravenous antiseptic and / or antibiotic color may be contaminated to prevent infection.
The cut cord dries in a period of one to three weeks, its color darkens, and it crumbles and falls spontaneously.
Keep your baby’s cord clean and dry. Your baby’s overalls or diapers should not come.
Daily care can be done by wiping around the base of the cord with a cotton swab soaked in clean water.
Avoid using alcohol with alcohol, as this may cause alcohol irritation. After washing your baby in a bathtub, dry the cord area with a clean cotton swab.
Symptoms of infection on the umbilical cord should be given to the physician if there are signs of bad smell, redness, discharge, pus discharge.
The effect of hormones from the mother can be seen as inflating genitals of newborn babies.
In girls babies may come from the vagina milk or blood color and consistency of a liquid may come.
The scrotum of your baby (the membrane covering the testicles) may sometimes appear slightly swollen and again slightly enlarged. However, these are normal conditions and in most cases they resolve spontaneously without treatment.